Today Kyrenia is one of the popular holiday destinations in Northern Cyprus for Russian citizens. It is rightly considered the tourist capital of the entire northern part of the island. The location and mild climate of Kyrenia attracts tourists from various countries and continents. On one side are majestic mountain ranges, on the other clean and shining like crystal, the sea. Here you can simply enjoy a beach holiday, as well as explore the history of ancient Cyprus.
A colorful bay with a harbor, which is surrounded by historical monuments and stone buildings of the Ottoman and Venetian empires, like a magnet attracts travelers. The buildings that used to house trade and customs houses were now replaced by various restaurants and British-style hotels. Thanks to new trends in domestic construction and the preservation of the external colonial style, the North Coast of Cyprus has a Mediterranean charm. On the loggias and terraces in front of restaurants, bars, cafes and hotels yachts, fishing boats and barges. On the masts of their flags flutter various European countries. This creates an image of ancient port markets, where trade was carried out from various parts of the world. In the spring period, when the tourist season is just preparing for the opening, a lot of tourists gather in the harbor. They like to sit by the seaside, tasting great dishes from shrimps, fish, crabs and other exotic seafood. Enjoying the Turkish invigorating coffee and the traditional cocktail "Brandy Saur", while watching the enchanting surf and inhaling the freshness of the sea air. Until now, the ancient mole protects the bay from the pressure of the raging waves. Its territory is a favorite tourist destination. Phenomenal buildings tell of the great history of the Mediterranean. And the charm and splendor of the island enchants all guests who have visited here. All these moments fill the hearts of holidaymakers with the desire to return here again and again. Enjoying the Turkish invigorating coffee and the traditional cocktail "Brandy Saur", while watching the enchanting surf and inhaling the freshness of the sea air. Until now, the ancient mole protects the bay from the pressure of the raging waves. Its territory is a favorite tourist destination. Phenomenal buildings tell of the great history of the Mediterranean. And the charm and splendor of the island enchants all guests who have visited here. All these moments fill the hearts of holidaymakers with the desire to return here again and again. Enjoying the Turkish invigorating coffee and the traditional cocktail "Brandy Saur", while watching the enchanting surf and inhaling the freshness of the sea air. Until now, the ancient mole protects the bay from the pressure of the raging waves. Its territory is a favorite tourist destination. Phenomenal buildings tell of the great history of the Mediterranean. And the charm and splendor of the island enchants all guests who have visited here. All these moments fill the hearts of holidaymakers with the desire to return here again and again. And the charm and splendor of the island enchants all guests who have visited here. All these moments fill the hearts of vacationers with the desire to return here again and again. And the charm and splendor of the island enchants all guests who have visited here. All these moments fill the hearts of vacationers with the desire to return here again and again.
Bellapais Abbey- a monument of Gothic architecture, located in the homonymous village in North Cyprus. Currently, the abbey is considered a monument of world significance. During his long history, he suffered noticeably, but what was saved is a significant memorable place. The abbey was founded by King Amy in 1200. Initially, there were Benedictine monks. After that the Augustinians settled here. In many respects, from their white clothes appeared the name Bellapais, which is translated into Russian as "White Abbey". Heavy in the history of the abbey was the period of the war with the Genoese, who plundered Bellapais. Under the Turkish rule, the abbey could not recover. True revival and interest from tourists began after the Second World War, when the British began to study the history of Cyprus. On the territory of the abbey, there is a Gothic church that dates back to the 13th century. In the refectory - an old common dining room for monks - classical music concerts are now held. In the western part of the abbey there are three Gothic arches, which are a symbol of Bellapais and Northern Cyprus.
St. Hilarion Castle is currently one of the most popular attractions of modern North Cyprus. Most of the tourist routes are aimed at the castle as the first point of the visit as part of a traditional tour of Kyrenia. The church and the monastery located in the castle were erected by the Egyptian monk Hilarion in the fourth century. Accordingly, his name is still called this place. During its existence the castle of St. Hilarion repeatedly served as a reliable defensive point in the wars, as it is located on a mountain slope and has a descent to the sea. In the 21st century the castle was rebuilt under the order of the then rulers, over the centuries it decayed and collapsed. Now it is a well-preserved and very picturesque ruins. The entire structure consists today, as before, of three compartments, each of which has an exit to the upper observation deck, which includes several balconies. In this panoramic view, opening from the balconies and observation platform, will amaze even the most sophisticated tourist.
The ruins of the fortress Kantara - rise on the forested cliffs near Famagusta, and are one of the most romantic monuments of the Cyprian Middle Ages. Kantara was one of the old Byzantine castles restored by the Lusignans in order to strengthen the island's defense. It was the easternmost point of the defensive line and survived somewhat better than the rest. The fortress was built on the site of the monastery of Kantarotissa, from which only a remarkable chapel remained at the top of the mountain. The castle itself was located on the eastern slope of the mountain. It was an impressive fortified complex of rectangular shape with high walls and powerful towers in the corners. Inside the fortress, the ruins of the buildings located here have been preserved. Near the cisterns with water are visible steps of a narrow staircase, leading, presumably to a secret exit from the fortress.
The Lala-Mustafa Pasha Mosque, also known as the Cathedral of St. Nicholas, and later as Hagia Sophia (Holy Sofia) Magusa Mosque, is the largest building of the Middle Ages in Famagusta, Northern Cyprus. The structure was built in 1298 and was consecrated as a Catholic church in 1328. The cathedral of St. Nicholas was converted to a Muslim temple after the capture of the Famagusta by Turkish troops in 1571 and the mosque remained to our days. The cathedral was built according to a similar project of the Reims cathedral. The style of the building was Gothic. Due to these factors, travel agencies are called in their booklets "Reims" in Cyprus. During the capture of Famagusta by the Turks, the temple was badly damaged by cannon shots. Warriors of the Ottoman Empire destroyed the sculptures, indicating the belonging of the church to Orthodoxy. In addition, frequent earthquakes also caused serious damage to the temple.
Salamis- one of the most impressive archaeological sites in Cyprus. Here there are so many unique ancient buildings that the inspection of them is akin to moving through time - walking between dilapidated walls, unwittingly penetrating the spirit of antiquity. For many centuries Salamis played a leading role in the political, economic and cultural life of Cyprus. Here the cult of a healthy and beautiful body flourished. Apparently, therefore, many public buildings were associated with playing sports and caring for their own cleanliness. The most famous preserved monuments are the gymnasium, the remains of Roman baths and the theatre. The Roman baths of Salamis were luxurious - mosaic, murals, marble. There were several swimming pools and steam rooms. Statues, some of which can be seen today, adorned the patio and the premises. Here we used a very thoughtful system of floor heating. In the center of the gymnasium, surrounded by beautiful Corinthian columns, there was a covered stadium. The inhabitants of the city could do sports exercises here. The ancient theatre of Salamis was built under the Emperor Augustus. It was designed for 1500 spectators and 50 rows of seats. This is one of the largest preserved Roman public buildings. From the side the theatre seems small, but from its upper rows a wide panorama of the whole Salamis opens.
Famagusta is located in the southern part of the bay and is surrounded by massive walls. It is believed that this ancient city was founded by the Egyptians. Built in the 14th century, the Cathedral of St. Nicholas is rightfully considered the main attraction of this place. After the Turkish siege of Famagusta in the 16th century, part of the cathedral was badly damaged by cannon firing, but restorers performed a small miracle - after several centuries the Cathedral again pleases the eyes of tourists. An excellent overview opens from the site of the Othello tower - it is in honor of the famous Shakespearean hero and this tower was named, as it is commonly believed that he lived in this city. Being the second largest city in North Cyprus, Famagusta attracts tourists with eclecticism in architecture, since not only Cypriots lived here, but also Turks and Greeks. At the same time, representatives of each nation contributed to the appearance of a modern city. Having studied the sights, you can have a great time on the golden sandy beach.
Varosha- one of the coastal quarters of Famagusta, where all residents were evacuated as a result of military operations. Today Varosha is a ghost town, being one of the most eerie sights of Cyprus. In the seventies of the twentieth century, the city of Famagusta was considered the most luxurious and elite resort in Cyprus. Here Hollywood stars liked to have a rest, and bars and hotels of Varosha were considered one of the most comfortable in the world. However, in 1974, the Turks invaded Cyprus, and in a few days the city was depopulated. Residents here have not returned. Today, forty years after these events, Varosha makes an ambiguous impression, attracting fans of a variety of gloomy opnions. The abandoned ghost town is gradually decaying, filled with plants, and rusting metal.
The Buffavento castle is located at an altitude of 940 meters above sea level, in the area of the famous Besparmak mountains. Bufavento is one of the three mountain castles in North Cyprus, serving as an impregnable fortress and observation post to protect the island from enemy attacks. From such a height, observers could inspect the vast territory of the island and, in case of an attack, communication with other castles (the castle of St. Hilarion, Kantara Castle) was maintained by means of a smoke signal system.
The castle was built during the Byzantine period during the war with the Arabs. Strengthening the castle first began to engage Philokalis, the Byzantine Governor of the island of Cyprus. This is evidenced by the inscription in one of the churches of the castle. Castle Bufavento, like any ancient castle, has its own legend. In 1192, a noble lady, Elena, who was sick with leprosy, was brought to the castle. Next to her was always her faithful dog. After a while, the dog also showed signs of this disease. However, after a while Elena noticed that the dog began to recover. She followed her and noticed how she was bathing in one of the local sources in the neighborhood of Bufavento Castle. Elena too began to take baths in this source and soon recovered from leprosy. On the site of this stream, a monastery was later built.
On the territory of the castle tower Bufavento there is always peace and tranquility, birds sing and the bright sun shines. All visitors have a desire to sit on the ruins of the fortress walls of the castle and admire the views of the magnificent island.
The monastery of the apostle Andrew is one of the monasteries still operating in Northern Cyprus. It is located at the very tip of the Karpas peninsula, in the Dipkarpas area. The road to it is long winding between the hills, moving farther to the east. The coastline off the southeastern coast of Karpas, where the monastery is located, is perhaps the most beautiful in Northern Cyprus. And sunsets that you can watch here, amaze with their fantastic beauty.
The monastery is named after the apostle Andrew, who traveled most of his life and is the patron of pilgrims and travelers. On the Karpas, the apostle Andrew fell, returning to Palestine from Constantinople. Legend has it that the captain of the ship fell ill with his eyes, which threatened the passengers of a small ship with a real catastrophe. Quickly blinded sailor could not manage the ship. At this time the ship was at the most terminal point of the Karpas peninsula. The apostle Andrew invited two sailors to take him to the shore, where, as he was sure, there was a spring with healing water. But on the shore the sailors did not find a trace of water. Then the apostle Andrew told them to roll aside a large stone, from which the source hammered. The water from it really turned out to be curative. She not only stopped the development of the disease,
Ruins of the ancient city of Soloy (Soli) are located on the territory of Northern Cyprus on the way to the city of Gyuzelurt. Now tourists can admire the remains of an early Christian basilica decorated with mosaic. One of the most impressive mosaics of the basilica is the image of a swan, under which is inscribed: "Oh, Christ, save and save those who did this work." Not far from the basilica is the ancient theater. It refers to the period of the heyday of Soloy - the second century. The circular benches of the theater accommodated about 4 000 spectators. There were found significant fragments of columns of rare colored marble, decorated with exquisite patterns, which give some idea of how beautiful the city was once. To the east of the theater are found the remains of the temple of Aphrodite, and among them a marble panel with the scene of the battle of the Amazons. Here was also found the famous marble torso of Aphrodite, the symbol of Cyprus - the island of love.